All About Snails

Hello everybody! We have been working hard on science this evaluation. We have studied about:

  • Life processes.
  • Cells. Animal and plant cells. Specilazed cells. Tissues. The main plant and animal organs. The Human Body Organ Systems and their function.
  • The Human Skeleton.
  • The life cycle of the almond tree. Flower, pollination, fertilization, growth…, fruit and seed.
  • Venemous animals.
  • Snails. Classification. Internal and external anatomy. Life Cycle.

To learn about all these topics we have used photocopies, web links, lab practice (including a terrarium for snails),  aula virtual,  a hands on skeleton craft, visit to exhibition, answering and/or making questions, quizses and tests,  working individualy, in  pairs, little groups or all together.

Woh! We have worked a lot!  Now it’s time to finish with SNAILS. But don’t forget we are expecting them to mate and reproduce so that we can observe their whole life cycle in the LAB.

NEW ASSIGMENT: Read the following text and answer the questions.

Hope you like it!

Garden Snails

Characteristics of Snails

Snails can be found in gardens, in ponds and even in the sea. They belong to a group of animals with a soft body called molluscs (mollusks) which are related to oysters, clams, and other shellfish. Characteristically they have soft, unsegmented bodies. Normally, their soft bodies are protected by a hard shell. The scientific name for the garden snail is Helix aspersa. It is a gastropod which in latin means, gastro for stomach and pod for foot or just “a belly footed animal”. The body of the snail is long, moist and slimy. It has a shell to protect its soft body. When the snail is disturbed, it simply withdraws or pulls itself back into its shell. The snail also retreats into its shell and seals the entrance in dry weather to protect its body from drying up. A snail is most active at night and on cloudy days. It does not like the sunshine very much. During very cold weather or winter, it hibernates in the ground.

Snails have different shaped shells. It can be a single shell that is rounded, spiral high and pointed or it can be flat.

Some people keep snails in aquariums together with their fish. However, they must make sure that they control the number because snails reproduce rapidly !!

Snails do not like hot and dry conditions. They like it moist or humid and not too bright. You can collect some snails and put them into a transparent container. Put some leaves in it, keep it moist and you can observe and see how a snail moves and also its mouth part.

Snails can live up to 5 to 10 years. Some have been known to live up to 15 years.

Do you know where the snail’s eyes are ?

Yes, the eye is on the tip of the tentacle or at the base of the tentacle for marine species. The snail has two pairs of tentacles on its head. One pair is longer than the other pair. The eyes are on the longer pair. The shorter pair is used for smelling and feeling its way around. The tentacles are very important to the snail.

What and how does a snail eat ?

A snail have something called a radula in its mouth for grinding up its food. This radula is like a rough tongue, something like a file with rows of tiny teeth which it uses to scrap off leaves and flowers to eat. Many people get upset and farmers get angry when snails eat their plants and crops. Snails can cause serious damage to crops. Snails eat mostly living plants as well as decaying plants. They also chew on fruits and young succulent plant barks.

How big can the snail grow ?

The largest known land snail named Gee Geronimo was a Giant African Snail collected in Sierra Leone in 1976. It weighed about 2lb (900g) and measured over 15 inches (39.3cm) from snout to tail.

How does the snail move ?

The snail moves by creeping on a flat “foot” underneath the body. The band of muscles in the foot contract and expand and this create a kind of rippling movement that pushes the snail forward. The “foot” has a special gland that produces a slimy mucus to make a slippery track. You can often see these silvery tracks in the garden. The slime comes out from the front and hardens when it comes into contact with air. The snail is able to move on very sharp pointed needles, knife, razors and vines without being injured because the mucus-like secretion helps to protect its body.

Look at how the snail wraps its soft body around the branch so that it will not fall off.

Male or female ?

The snail is both male and female. Therefore, it can produce sperms and eggs at the same time ! Isn’t that incredible ? However, to fertilize the eggs, the snails need to exchange sperms with each other. An animal which is both a male and a female is called a hermaphrodite. The brown garden snail lays about 80 spherical shaped white or yellowish colored eggs at a time into the topsoil of the ground. It can lay eggs up to six times a year. Snails take about 2 years to become adults.

Life History of the snail

Snails spend many hours courting before they mate. They twist themselves around each other and cover themselves in frothy slime. After mating, each snail will go search for a soft ground to dig and lay its eggs. The snail lay its eggs in a nest, 2.5 to 4 cm deep in the soil. Each snail can lay an average of 85 eggs and they hatch in 2 to 4 weeks, depending on the temperature and moisture of the soil. The eggs are concealed with a mixture of soil and mucus. They are then covered with excrement. Low temperatures of less than 12C and low humidity inhibits laying eggs. Snails lay eggs most often during the warm and damp weather. It can be as often as once a month or every 6 weeks. Their most active months are from February to October.

The first thing that a newly hatched snail does is to find food. It will eat whatever that is left of its eggshell too. It will also eat any eggs that have not hatched yet. As the snail grows, its shell grows too in a spiral shape. The new shell is added at the opening of the shell. The part of the shell the baby snail was born with, ends up in the middle of the spiral.

The snails have enemies too

Snails have many natural enemies. They are the ground beetles, snakes, toads, turtles, and birds including chickens, ducks and geese.

POND SNAILS

It is fun to play in the country. If you come across a pond in the country, you will find animals like fish, prawns, insects and the pond snail. The pond snail is, in many ways like the garden snail. Pond snails are usually tan or dark brown in color.

How do they breathe in water ?

Some pond snails have gills to breathe in water. Those with gills will live at the bottom of the pond. Those that do not have gills, will come up to the surface to breathe. These snails will live on the surface so that they can come up to breathe easily.

Do you know that pond snails can be eaten ?

You can buy pond snails from a fish monger in the city. The flesh of the snail is very delicious. The French people especially, love to eat snails. One important thing to remember here is to make sure that you clean and rinse the pond snails with plenty of clean water to wash away the dirt and mud.

What does the pond snail feed on ?

The pond snail feeds mainly on plants like algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds. They eat by scraping bits off with their rough tongue just like the garden snails.

How does the pond snail reproduce ?

The pond snail reproduces just like the garden snail. It is a hermaphrodite. The only difference is that, unlike the garden snail, the pond snail carries its fertilized eggs with it. The baby snail will only leave its mother when it is hatched.

How to collect pond snails ?

First of all, you will need a spade, fishing net, a container (to put your snails in). Make sure your container is not air tight so that the snails can breathe. You can do this by making tiny holes on the lid. You need a lid to cover your container because snails can crawl on any texture or surface. Choose a damp spot near the pond and then use your spade to loosen the ground and you will find many snails just beneath the surface.

NOW! Enter this link and answer the questions in your notebook.

Remember that each one of you has to answer to a question online so we can correct your work.

http://www.kiddyhouse.com/Snails/snailclips/wwwsnails2.pdf

 

 

Anuncis

13 Respostes to “All About Snails”

  1. Love Says:

    1. Wich group does the snail belong to?
    c) Molluscs
    2. Wich other animal belong to the same group as the snails?
    The slugs, the limpets, and the haliótidos.
    3. What type of condition does the snail like?
    b) wet c) moist d) humity f) cloudy
    4. I will print it
    5. Name the enemies of the snail
    Beetles, snakes, toads, turtles, and birds including chickens, ducks and geese.
    6. Why do you think farmers and gardeners do not like snails?
    Because they eat their plants and crops.
    7. What does the garden snail eat?
    They eat leaves and flowers to eat, and they chew on fruits and young succulent plant barks.
    8. What does the pond snail eat?
    They eat like algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.They eat by scraping bits off with their rough tongue just like the garden snails.

  2. idaira Says:

    1) Wich group does the snail belong to?
    c) Molluscs
    2) Wich other animal belong to the same group as the snails?
    The mussels, clams,and the oysters.
    3) What type of condition does the snail like?
    The snail like the most, the wet, the humity and the cloudy.
    4) I will print it
    5) Name the enemies of the snail
    A Beetles, snakes, toads, turtles, caterpillar, sparrowhawk, birds and human.
    6. Why do you think farmers and gardeners do not like snails?
    Because they eat their harvest.
    7. What does the garden snail eat?
    They eat leaves and flowers.
    8. What does the pond snail eat?
    They eat like algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.

  3. emil7234 Says:

    1. Which group does the snail belong to?
    The snail is mollusc.
    2. Which other animals belong to the same group as the snail?
    The slugs, the mussels and the clams.
    3. What kina of condition does the snail like?
    Wet, moist, humid and cloudy.
    4. I have it, but it`s printed.
    5. Name the enemies of the snails.
    They are the ground beetles, snakes, toads, turtles, and birds including chickens, ducks and geese.
    6. What do you think farmers and gardeners do not like snail?
    They don’t like snails, because these animals eat their harvests.
    7. What does the garden snail eat?
    Mostly they eat decaying plants. They also chew on fruits and young succulent plant barks.
    8. What does th pont snail eat?
    They eat algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.

  4. pepe1997 Says:

    1) Wich group does the snail belong to?
    c) Molluscs
    2) Wich other animal belong to the same group as the snails?
    Octopus, squit…
    3. What type of condition does the snail like?
    b) They like more the wet nad the humity.
    5. Name the enemies of the snail
    The enemies are snakes, toads, turtles.
    6. Why do you think farmers and gardeners do not like snails?
    Because they eat his country.
    7. What does the garden snail eat?
    They eat leaves and flowers of the plant.
    8. What does the pond snail eat?
    They eat microscopic creatures of the water.

  5. Peptoni Font Says:

    1. Molluscs.
    2. The oysters, the clams and the slugs.
    3. The snaisl like the wet, the moist, the humity and the cloudy.
    5. beetles, snakes, toads, turtles and birds.
    6. Because the snails eat their harvest and the plants.
    7. They eat leaves and flowers
    8. They eat algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.

  6. angelblanchvallespir Says:

    1. It belongs in Molluscs.
    2. The oysters, The slugs and the clams, th octopus and the squids.
    3. Snails like the wetness, the moistness, the humity and cloudy wether.
    5. beetles, snakes, toads, turtles and some birds like the oronelles and metleres.
    6. Because the snails eat plants.
    7. They eat leaves, flowers and other vegetables.
    8. They eat microscopical creatures water weeds.

  7. Peptoni Font Says:

    1. Molluscs.
    2.The mussels, the clams, and the oysters.
    3. The snail likes the wet, the moist, the humity and the cloudy.
    5. Beetles, snakes, toads, turtles, and birds including chickens, ducks and geese.
    6. Because the snails eat plants.
    7. Leaves and flowers.
    8.They eat like algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.

    8.

  8. neusr Says:

    1) mollucs.
    2) the clams,the mussels,the slugs and the oysters.
    3) wet, moist,humid and cloudy.
    5) Beetles, snakes, toads, turtles, and birds including chickens, ducks and geese.
    6) because the snails eats plants.
    7) leaves and flowers.
    8) They eat like algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.

  9. xiskete Says:

    1) Molluscs.
    2) The oysters, the clams and the slugs.
    3) Wet, Moist, Humid and Cloudy.
    4) It’s for print.
    5) The grounds beetles, turtles, toads and birds including chickens, toads, geese and ducks.
    6) Because they eat her plants and fruit plants.
    7) They eat leaves and flowers and some more vegetables.
    8) They eat algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.

  10. xiskete Says:

    1. Molluscs.
    2.The slugs, the clams and the oysters.
    3. The snail likes moist, wet, humid and cloudy.
    5. The ground beetles, the snakes, the toads, the turtles, and the birds including chickens, the ducks and the geese.
    6. Because the snails eat plants and flowers.
    7. They eat leaves and flowers.
    8.They eat algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.

  11. andrea199762 Says:

    1. Molluscs.
    2. The oysters, the clams and the slugs.
    3. The snaisl like the wet, the moist, the humity and the cloudy.
    5. beetles, snakes, toads, turtles and birds.
    6. Because the snails eat their harvest and the plants.
    7. They eat leaves and flowers
    8. They eat algae and microscopic creatures that are found on the surface of water weeds.

  12. jlny7288 Says:

    1. Which group does the snail belong to?.
    c) Molluscs
    2. Which other animals belong to the same group as the snail?
    Animals that belong to the same group: the mussels, the slugs, the oysters and the clams.
    3. What kind of condition does the snail like?
    The snails like the cloudy wether, the wetness, the moistness and the humidity.
    5. Name the enemies of the snails.
    Enemies: the beetles, the snakes, the toads, the turtles and some birds.
    6. Why do you think farmers and gardeners do not like snails?
    Because the snails eat their harvests and crops.
    7. What does the garden snail eat?
    The garden snails eat flowers, leaves and plants.
    8. What does the pond snail eat?
    The pond snails eat microscopical creatures and algae.


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