2.en.54 Exam: 22nd February


Today you did the exam of the latest posts that had appeared in the blog.  Here follow some instructions about self-correcting what you did in class.

  • Question V has to be completed at home as you did not have enough time to answer all the questions in one hour.
  • Answer all the questions again and copy your answers in your notebook.
  • Every student will be responsible for uploading the answer of one of the exam questions to the blog.
  • Remember to mention the post where you had to look for the answer, this way you will be aware of the importance of the blog as a study tool.
  • Check spelling and accuracy, you have all the necessary tools  (dictionaries, websites, blog, Google group to ask your classmates) and all the time you need, so I expect accurate answers.
  • Remember not to “cut and paste” from Wikipedia. Correcting an exam is part of learning, not a mechanical activity.

I. Monica Bernabe’s talk and Afghanistan (1 mark)

  1. What is a burka?
  2. How long were the Talibans in power in Afghanistan?
  3. Which position does Afghanistan occupy  in the UN economic index?
  4. What are Afghanistan neighbouring countries?
  5. What kind of initative is Skateistan?

II. Readings: Boy (1mark)

  1. What did you learn about Roald Dahl in his website?
  2. What is homesickness?
  3. When did Boy feel homesick?
  4. What is the setting of Boy?
  5. What was your favourite episode?

III. Sweden ( 2 marks)

  1. Write some basic facts about the country: situation, population, language, wealth.
  2. What are some of the sterotypes about Sweden.
  3. What are some of the things they value most?
  4. Which Swedish cities did you learn something about?
  5. What is the currency in Sweden?
  6. What is the relation between sustainability and Stockholm?
  7. Why is Stockholm called the Venice of the north?
  8. What did you learn about public transport in Stockholm?
  9. Compare Sweden and Spain in terms of wealth, population, size and government.
  10. What kind of fuels can be used instead of fossil fuels?

IV. Can you provide a translation for the following words. (1 mark)

Use them in a sentence. You can use more than one in the same sentence.

  1. Pipe
  2. Garbage
  3. boiler
  4. Slaughter house
  5. Landfill
  6. Waste
  7. Sewage
  8. Household
  9. Coal
  10. Renewable

V. Environment, Science, outings. (to be done at home)

  1. Compare the Tramuntana mountain range and the Pyrenees.
  2. Have you ever had a broken bone? Have you ever interviewed someone who had had a broken bone? Explain.
  3. What kind of personality did Rosa have? How did she feel at the beginning of the play? Could you summarise the conflicts she went through on her birthday.

2.en.53 in England “it” rains more than in Spain.. but in Spain the rain stays mainly in the plain, doesn’t it?

It is raining cats and dogs

This winter has been particularly cold in Sweden, it snowed in  late October

does it rain very often in Majorca during summer?

With Emili and Magdalena you are learning lots of syntax, that’s good, I will not need to explain to you what subject and predicate are, neither transitive or intransitive verbs, in fact it is the same in English. However, there are differences among languages you need to be aware of.

In English, “weather verbs” rain, snow, NEED A SUBJECT.

We use “it”

Are you familiar with  the song “The rain in Spain stays mainly on the plain” Have you seen the old musical “My Fair Lady”?

I will tell you about it some other time. With a little bit of effort you can achieve a perfect English pronunciation, just as Eliza does after a crash course on phonetics by professor  Higgins.

In this video you will see how happy they are after she manages to pronounce the sentence correctly.

By the way, you have been correcting spelling mistakes in “Boy”, you did very well at spotting mistakes. Spelling mistakes were often made because some words  were pronounced the same and spelled differently: “hair/hare”

plane/plain are one of those pairs you should not confuse.

Notice how Professor Higgins repeats the question without forgetting the “it”

“Where does it rain?” “Where does it rain?”

Sing along!

  1. Do you know the name of the play My Fair Lady was based on?
  2. Have you seen the film by Julie Andrews?
  3. Do you remember the Photographic Exhibition by Lartigue we went to see at La Caixa? Do you remember I told you some of the photos of elegant women wearing hats had inspired the costumes of My Fair Lady musical?
  4. Did you like the video?
  5. What does soggy mean?
  6. What do you think of the “Spanish” dance?


Post your answers to the blog

2.en.52 Reliable, logical, cynical, responsible… and some pronunciation work

Last Tuesday you took part in an interactive drama workshop at La Caixa. Part of your task was to discuss the way the characters of the play felt and analyse their reactions. There was conflict and lack of understanding between Rosa and her mother, but there was also conflict between Rosa and Judit who were of the same age.

  1. Do you think there are certain attitudes and personality features that go hand in hand with being young?
  2. Do people’s personality necessarily change as they grow old?
  3. Can grown ups change their attitudes?
  4. Is it more difficult to change when you are young or old?
  5. Did you like the play?
  6. What about the ending?
  7. What happened after Rosa’s mom received the phone call? Use your imagination. At the bottom of this post you will find some more adjectives to describe how the ending made you feel.

In this song you’ll be able to practice the pronunciation of some adjectives with similar endings:

_ble; -al

You will also learn the role of adverbs

but you will also need to reflect on how certain stages of life are associated with certain moods and feelings.

Listen to this Supertramp song “logical” and do the activities.

Fill in the gaps

when I was young
it seemed that life was so ________(1)
a miracle, oh it was beautiful,_____(2)
and all the birds in the trees
well they´d be singing so ______(3)
oh joyfully, oh playfully watching me
but then they sent me away
to teach me how to be _______(4)
logical, oh responsible ,practical
and they showed me a world
where I could be so ________(5)
oh clinical, oh intellectual, cynical
there are times when all the world´s asleep
the questions run too deep
for such a simple man
won´t you please, please tell me what we´ve learned
I know it sounds absurd
but please tell me who I am
now watch what you say
or they´ll be calling you a ________(6)
a liberal, oh fanatical, criminal
oh won´t you sign up your name
we´d like to feel you´re
________(7), ________(8), oh presentable, a _________(9)!

at night when all the world´s asleep
the questions run too deep
for such a simple man
won´t you please, please tell me what weve learned
I know it sounds absurd
but please tell me who i am, who i am ,who I am.

when I was young
it seemed that life was so ________(10)

Meaning and morphology

Are you sure you understand the meaning of all the words.

Match the word and the definition


Which of the words are adjectives and which are adverbs?


Find more adverbs in the song

Content and mood

1. What type of person wrote this song?

2. Why did he/she write the song?

3. What are the stages mentioned in the song?

4. What are the changes?

5. Is the person happy or unhappy

about the changes?

6. Why?

7. Which line/lines impress you the most?

8. What is the mood of song?

9. Did you like the video?

10 Look at this alphabet, you’ll find some more adjectives to describe your mood. Is there anyone which fits you perfectly right now?

Post your comments to the blog for Monday the 21st

2.ca.19. Pronoms febles, exercicis

1.Omple els buits amb el pronom corresponent i després indica’n la funció:

a)He tret alguns llibres de la biblioteca i ara no tenc temps de llegir_________ cap.

b)He d’anar a veure les meves cosines i no he tengut temps de comprar_________ un regal.

c)Em sent malament perquè la professora m’ha fet una pregunta i no ______he dit la veritat.

d)No he estudiat tot això i no ___________ entenc.

e)He regat les plantes i _____he deixades defora tota la nit.

f)Saps quants cotxes té l’Enric? No, no _____ he comptat mai.

2.ca.18. Pronoms febles

Aquí teniu els deures per a dijous 17:

1.Indica quin tipus de complements són els sintagmes subratllats:

a)             Na Maria va incloure en Joan a la llista.

b)            No ha arribat a aconseguir cap premi.

c)             El venedor ha visitat els meus pares.

d)            La Jordina ha llogat un piano de coa.

e)            No he pogut pagar els llibres al meu fill.

f) Aquest individu ha pres la cartera al passatger del bigoti.

g) Han pujat el sou al Sergi.

2.  Substitueix els complements subratllats pel pronom corresponent tot escrivint una altra vegada l’oració:

a)Paga el vestit al meu avi.

b)Paga el vestit al meu avi.

c) Pagarem els curset als nostres empleats.

d)Pagarem els cursets als nostres empleats.

e) Pagarem això a les empreses.

f) Pagarem això a les empreses.

g)Pagarem el deute a la veïna.

h) Pagarem el deute a la veïna.




2.es.14. Sujeto sicológico y sujeto gramatical

En una oración como Me cansan tus mentiras, tendemos a pensar que me o yo o a mí es el sujeto.
Desde un cierto punto de vista es verdad: yo soy el protagonista de la oración. Si la imaginamos como una escena de la vida real o cinematográfica, veríamos al actor hablando y protestando, harto de las mentiras de su interlocutor. El foco de la acción sería la persona que pronuncia la frase, por eso lo identificamos con el sujeto. ¿Quién está cansado?: yo, me, a mí.

Sin embargo, en sintaxis no sirve este razonamiento. Sintaxis significa organización, y el análisis sintáctico se encarga de identificar cómo están organizadas las piezas (los sintagmas) de una oración. Por eso la regla básica de la sintaxis es la concordancia: se trata de un principio de organización, que obliga a que el núcleo del sujeto y el verbo tengan el mismo número y persona.
La sintaxis tiene que ver con reglas de organización que son obligatorias para expresarse correctamente. No podemos decir, por ejemplo La horchata gusta me o Me la horchata gusta a pesar de que se entienda. Quizás en otra lengua este orden de sintagmas sea correcto, pero en castellano no.

El análisis sintáctico identifica estas reglas en cada oración, reconstruye conscientemente (como hacen los investigadores) aquello que los hablantes construimos de forma inconsciente.
Por esto, a veces no coincide nuestra percepción de hablante con la de investigador. Nos parece que yo es el sujeto de Me gusta la horchata, o que yo es el sujeto de Me cansan tus mentiras. Pero no lo es desde el punto de vista sintáctico (o sea, científico) en ninguna de las dos oraciones.

La sintaxis se parece un poco a las matemáticas, que a veces desafía el sentido común. ¿Por qué 3 x 0= 0? Si yo tengo tres euros y los multiplico por nada, ¿no tendría que quedarme con 3 euros?
En fin, que una cosa es el sujeto sicológico (el protagonista, el foco, el actor) y otra el sujeto gramatical (que según la sintaxis del castellano viene dado por la regla de la concordancia)

Ya que has llegado aquí, analiza sintácticamente estas dos oraciones:
1. Me cansan tus mentiras
2. Me gusta la horchata

Arxivat a castellano. Etiquetes: . 3 Comments »

2.es.13. Método para hacer un análisis sintáctico

1. Identificar el verbo
2. Reconocer el número y persona del verbo
3. Buscar los nombres o pronombres que están en los mismos número y persona del verbo
4. Confirmar mediante la ley de concordancia cuál de estos nombres o pronombres es el sujeto
5. Comprobar si el verbo es atributivo o predicativo
6. Si es atributivo, buscar el atributo
7. Si es predicativo, buscar el Complemento Directo mediante la sustitución por lo/la/los/las o la conversión de la oración en pasiva.
8. Tanto si es atributivo como predicativo, buscar el Complemento Indirecto mediante la sustitución por le/les
9. Buscar el/los Complemento(s) circunstancial(es)

Ejercicios para practicar (los comentaremos mañana miércoles día 16):

1. Comimos bien
2. Fue divertida la película
3. Te saludé por la calle
4. Nos abrazó con fuerza
5. Me pareció pobre su respuesta
6. Somos los mejores